This kind of surgery is more benign than open surgery because a small incision is made in the abdominal wall and a thin laparoscope with a video camera is inserted into it. Using carbon dioxide the abdomen is inflated so that the surgeons can see the herniated intestine and pull it back into place. A mesh is placed on the hernia which reinforces the abdominal wall and using staples, tacks or glue is held in place. Usually, the operation is conducted under general anesthesia.
Usually, patients experience post-operative pain, and they can recover from the surgery in one or two weeks, with heavy weight lifting after four weeks. This results in less post surgical pain and reduced risk of infection and the chances of recurrence are low. These are the benefits of the laparoscopic method of hernia surgery which is much better than the open surgery which causes more post operative pain and usually has a longer recovery time for the patient.
The only negative is that it is more expensive than open surgery and the general anesthesia given during the operation may cause some complications. In spite of this most surgeons suggest laparoscopic procedure rather than the open procedure because of the lesser complexity it entails during and after surgery.
This is the reason that if you are suffering from a hernia you should consult your surgeon which procedure is more appropriate for you. You can also conduct some research online to find out which procedure will be best for you.
Open surgery for the treatment of a hernia
The causes of a hernia are not yet clear in spite of the scientific research being carried out. It is mostly caused due to the weakening of the abdominal wall due to which the intestine protrudes out. Even now the only method for the treatment of a hernia is surgery, although in the initial stages the doctors suggest using a belt or some other device which may prevent a hernia from protruding further. However, after some time, every hernia patient has to undergo surgery. Open surgery was the only option available earlier and is even now used in some cases. Let us look at what open hernia surgery is all about and its pros and cons.
In open surgery, a long incision is made in the groin, and the bulge of a hernia is pushed back into place. There may be weak spots in the muscles which are often repaired by stitching together edges of healthy muscles or by placing a mesh patch on the area and sealing the incision. This technique is suggested for children and more complicated repairs nowadays as most surgeons will suggest a laparoscopic operation to be more effective.
The pros of the open surgery are that it can be performed with local anesthesia and sedation. Recovery time is 3 weeks for normal activity after surgery and 6 weeks for more strenuous activity.
The cons of the procedure are that the risk of infection and injury to nerves is higher. There can also be a slightly higher rate of recurrence.…